Francis Bret Harte was an American author and poet, best remembered for his accounts of pioneering life in California.
He was born in Albany, New York, as Francis Brett Hart. He was named after his great-grandfather Francis Brett, and his family name was Hart. When he was young his father changed the spelling of the family name from Hart to Harte. Later, Francis preferred to be known by his middle name, but he spelled it with only one "t", becoming Bret Harte.
He moved to California in 1853, later working there in a number of capacities, including miner, teacher, messenger, and...